The portal goals to help the exchange of information and experience amongst civil society actors, governments, members of the business community and others who’ve an interest within the good governance of extractive industries. The portal makes reference to the mining sector in Lao PDR but does not yet embody details about any particular issues, experiences or strategies . Limited confirmed particulars are available concerning the 2008 Minerals Law and its attendant laws, which await implementation, however DGM officers report that the new legislation requires investors to contribute to group growth funds . Lao PDR is located within the Greater Mekong Sub-Region, which has numerous geological belts and all kinds of metallic and non-metallic minerals, together with gold, silver, lead, zinc, tin, coal, potash, rock combination and gems. Confirmed deposits of mineral assets aren’t massive by worldwide requirements, but they are significant relative to the overall measurement of Lao PDR’s financial system.

DHUP has the responsibility to periodically evaluate the policy and technique of Nam Papa, together with standards of customer service and priorities for city water supply improvement. In 1999, the Water Supply Authority was established to supervise the sector. The Ministry of Public Health’s National Centre for Environmental Health and Water Supply is responsible for rural water provide (World Bank 2005; Komany 2010). The MRC, which was initially conceived as the UN-created Mekong Committee, is governed by the 1995 Mekong Agreement. With the signing of the 1995 Agreement, the member nations expressed a commitment to sustainable improvement and management of natural resources. The MRC has performed a large position in helping to make sure that hydroelectric initiatives are developed with consideration to sustainability of river assets (World Bank 2005; FAO 2010; MRC 2012).

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Lao PDR has significant potential for hydropower improvement, estimated at 23,000–30,000 megawatts. Of this whole, about 18,000 megawatts could also be technically exploitable. In 2009, Lao PDR’s total dam capacity was about 7.8 cubic kilometers, with 21 extra hydropower initiatives in planning stages. The largest project, which was many years within the planning, is the US $1.three billion Nam Theun 2 Hydropower project , which got here on-line in April 2010. The project straddles Khammouane and Bolikhamxay provinces in central Lao PDR and diverts water from the Nam Theun River to the Xe Bang Fei River, generating 1070 megawatts from a 350-meter (1148-foot) elevation drop. The reservoir occupies about 440 square kilometers and has 3.5 cubic kilometers capacity.

The software helps establish essentially the most sustainable sites, designs and operational rules for hydropower development within the Lower Mekong River Basin. The device was a product of a partnership initiative, the Environmental Considerations for Sustainable Hydropower Development , which was formed in 2006 by ADB, MRC and the World Wide Fund for Nature. RSAT is the end result of collaboration between the ECSHD partners and USAID’s Environmental Cooperation-Asia project (USAID et al. 2010; MRC 2012). The 4-yr, US $8 million Technical Assistance for Capacity Development in Hydropower and Mining Sector Project (2010–2014) is funded by the World Bank. The project aims to extend human capability and improve the performance of Government oversight institutions for the hydropower and mining sectors. The activities related to hydropower include a joint hydropower and mining studying program to construct capacity of presidency employees and generate public awareness throughout the hydropower and mining sectors. The hydropower element aims at capacity-building covering the whole value chain, from planning, concessioning, construction and operation to income management .

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Country-led program evaluation and sustainability planning are also key components of the partnership’s mission. Decades of experience have proven that flu vaccine is a cost-effective means to help forestall flu-associated sickness, hospitalization and dying, missed faculty, and missed work. Despite the benefits of flu vaccination however, establishing a vaccination program stays out of reach for many lower-earnings countries. This was the case for Laos, which two years ago supplied seasonal flu vaccine via a nationwide program for the primary time with assist from PIVI. Nicaragua is one of many countries that already provided flu vaccine to some, but with PIVI’s assist this year and last, has been in a position to expand vaccination to include extra pregnant women. The Extractive Industries Watch, operated by the Institute for Essential Services Reforms in Jakarta, is an internet portal designed to supply an summary of the extractive industries state of affairs in Southeast Asia.

The REDD+ strategic options for coping with unlawful logging might be undertaken in support of DOFI’s five-year plan . The 1999 Environmental Protection Law, supported by its Implementing Decree , is the country’s principal environmental legislation. The law includes measures for the safety, mitigation and restoration of the environment, in addition to pointers for environmental administration and monitoring . Decree No. fifty nine/PM on Sustainable Management of Production Forest supplies for the establishment and management of Production Forests. The decree emphasizes the participation of native communities in the planning, management and sale of timber in accordance with agreements between local forest authorities and villages . Production Forests, pure and planted forests categorized for use by wood and forest-product businesses to fulfill the requirements of nationwide socioeconomic growth and livelihoods.

The GOL created the Department of Forest Inspection within MAF to enhance regulation enforcement in forest-related activities, together with unlawful logging, and to improve monitoring and governance in the sector. To date, the department has lacked the funding and capability essential to undertake the tasks, particularly on the provincial and district levels. DOFI’s five-12 months plan for 2011–2015 consists of measures to improve performance as extra employees are employed and trained.

The project started ten years in the past in Vientiane Capital and Vientiane, Bolikhamxay, Khammuane, Savannakhet, Saravane and Champasack provinces. In addition, ADB has additionally assisted the forestry sector of Lao PDR via a technical assistance project entitled Poverty Reduction in Upland Communities by way of Improved Community and Industrial Forestry .

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Exported mineral commodities embrace gold, copper, tin, lead, zinc, gypsum, coal, industrial minerals and construction materials. As the country has begun medium- and enormous-scale mining operations and commodity prices have risen, the nation’s mineral sources have played an increasingly necessary position in Lao PDR’s financial system. In 2010, the minerals sector accounted for 8% of GDP, about half of the country’s exports and 10% of state revenues (GOL 2012; Phommakaysone and Homsombath 2012; Boungnaphalom 2010; Fong-Sam 2012). ADB supports the National Agriculture and Forestry Extension Service-operated Industrial Tree Plantation Project. The project works with smallholder household teams and forest plantation enterprises to plant fast-growing exotic tree species for industrial purposes.

The 2007 Forestry Law governs Lao PDR’s forests and sets forth the basic rules and guidance on sustainable management, preservation, growth, utilization and inspection of forest assets and forestland. The nation has 125–150 small capability sawmills that exploit kering and mersawa as industrial species. Forests additionally provide gasoline wood, which accounts for 80% of home energy consumption. Non-timber forest merchandise are a vital source of food safety for the population, particularly in times when rice yields are low. Forests present fish, wildlife, greens, bamboo shoots and medicinal herbs. Brisk commerce in NTFPs is carried out yr-spherical, and gross sales of forest products similar to turpentine, rosin, honey, wax, cardamom and rattan present an average of 55% of rural family income . USAID supported the development of the Rapid Basin-Wide Hydropower Sustainability Assessment Tool .

In order to minimize the danger of lack of life and financial assets from floods and other natural disasters, the National Disaster Management Office has drafted Lao PDR’s first nationwide catastrophe management plan for 2012–2015. The plan formalizes a cross-sector governmental strategy to catastrophe preparedness, mitigation and response. The plan was drafted with technical assistance from the United Nations Development Programme and the World Bank . The Department of Housing and Urban Planning of the Ministry of Communication, Transport, Post and Construction has management and investment oversight for urban water supply. Nam Papa is the state-owned supplier of city water and is governed on the provincial level.

They are all completely different ages; moms, daughters, grandmothers, even babies. Last year, when pregnant women in Laos received a flu vaccine, the nurse gave each girl a card and asked her to bring it back to the clinic when she was able to deliver her child. Weeks or months later, when anticipating mothers got here back with their playing cards and delivered their infants, the infants’ weights were recorded alongside the moms’ influenza vaccination standing. In a rustic the place medical data are scarce and sometimes incomplete, this data is offering Laos with essential insight regarding the worth of seasonal influenza vaccination to the well being of moms and infants. Notably, related efforts in different countries have shown that influenza vaccination during being pregnant has been correlated with greater birth weights. The Partnership performs a pivotal position by supplying donated influenza vaccine and supplies to international locations that lack these resources however which are otherwise prepared to ascertain or increase their influenza vaccination packages.